• Animated Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease

The Animated Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a comprehensive collection of 50 animated videos and around 100 images pertaining to the anatomy and functions of kidneys, erythropoiesis, chronic kidney disease its symptoms, causes, risk factors, various diagnostic tests and treatment options.


Table of contents:

CKD – staging, biological factors and erythropoiesis

Kidney – anatomy and function.... The nephron.... Urine formation.... CKD – introduction and symptoms.... CKD staging.... Erythropoietin (EPO) – synthesis and functions.... Erythropoiesis.... Erythropoietin receptors.... End stage renal disease (ESRD).... Calcitriol – synthesis and functions.... Hypoxia and kidney disease.... Hypoxia and erythropoietin.... Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs).... Genes associated with CKD.... The endothelin system in chronic

CKD – causes, risk factors and complications

Complications of CKD.... Anemia in CKD.... Cystatin C in CKD.... Importance of serum creatinine in CKD.... Diabetes and CKD.... Obesity and CKD.... CKD due to hypertension.... Microalbuminuria.... Hematuria.... CKD and cardiovascular disease.... Smoking and kidney diseases.... Polycystic kidney disease.... Ischemic nephropathy.... Rhabdomyolysis.... Glomerulonephritis.... Systemic lupus erythematosus in the development of CKD

CKD – diagnosis and treatment

Testing blood urea nitrogen (BUN).... Kidney biopsy to diagnose CKD.... Glomerular filtration rate (GFR).... Creatinine clearance.... Radionucleotide studies.... Ultrasonography.... Role of exogenous erythropoietin in the treatment of CKD.... Continuous erythropoietin receptor activators.... Recombinant EPO.... Dialysis access.... Hemodialysis.... Peritoneal dialysis.... Kidney transplantation.... ACE inhibitors.... Angiotensin-II receptor blockers.... Vitamin D analogs.... Gene therapy to treat CKD.... Phosphate binders.... Lanthanum CO3

Animated Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease


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