Hypertension refers to a chronic medical condition characterized by elevated blood pressure in the arteries. The Animated Atlas of Hypertension is a comprehensive collection of 60 animated videos pertaining to the physiology of blood pressure, the biological molecules and factors that play a role in regulating blood pressure, the impact of increased blood pressure on various parts of the body like heart, brain and kidneys, and treatment modalities. This Animated Atlas is an excellent reference and an invaluable resource for effective presentations and lectures.


Table of contents:

RAAS and Sympathetic Nervous System

Hypertension.... Angiotensins.... Aldosterone.... Angiotensinogen.... Role of kidney in controlling BP.... RAAS cascade.... Sympathetic nervous system and hypertension .... Vascular endothelial cells in regulating BP.... Sodium sensitivity and retention.... Vasopressin – effects on kidney.... Vasopressin – effects on vascular system.... Vasoconstrictor factors.... Angiotensin I and Angiotensin II.... Angiotensin converting enzyme.... Pathogenesis of endothelin in hypertension.... Renin.... Epinephrine.... Norepinephrine

Causative Factors

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP).... Sodium and potassium ion transport.... Calcium channels.... Alpha receptors.... Role of hemoglobin in regulating BP.... Bradykinin.... Preeclampsia.... Baroreceptors.... C-reactive protein.... Malignant hypertension.... Catecholamine hormones in regulating BP.... Dopamine influence on BP.... Endothelial derived factors.... Nitric oxide in maintaining vascular tone.... Prostacyclin receptor.... Inflammatory cytokines causing hypertension.... 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type II enzyme (11βHSD2).... Insulin resistance and hypertension.... Vitamins and BP

Complications and Treatment

Atherosclerosis.... Stroke .... Aneurysm associated with hypertension.... Glomerulonephritis.... Hypertensive retinopathy.... Nephrosclerosis.... Myocardial infarction.... Hyaline arteriolosclerosis.... Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis.... Left ventricular hypertrophy.... Renovascular hypertension.... ACE inhibitors.... Renin inhibitors.... Angiotensin receptor blockers.... Vasodilators.... Diuretics.... Microcirculation in Hypertension.... Calcium channel blockers or calcium antagonists .... Central adrenergic inhibitors.... Gene therapy of hypertension (antisense inhibition).... Enzyme WNK1.... Beta blockers.... Alpha blockers


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Animated Atlas of Hypertension